The Cleveland Police Monitoring Team is charged with overseeing implementation of the Consent Decree and helping the Court and City of Cleveland gauge whether the Decree's requirements are taking hold in practice – in the real world and across Cleveland's communities.


The Cleveland Police Monitoring Team oversees, on behalf of Judge Solomon Oliver, Jr., the day-to-day efforts of the City and Cleveland Division of Police (the "Division" or "CPD") toward complying with the reforms required by the Consent Decree.

The Monitor and his Team play many different roles. One role is that of arbiter. The Consent Decree indicates that the Monitor "will assess and report whether the requirements of this Agreement have been implemented, and whether this implementation is resulting in constitutional and effective policing, professional treatment of individuals, and increased community trust of CDP."  (¶ 350). This means that the Monitor reviews, provides feedback on, and ultimately recommends approval or disapproval to the Court of changes in policy, training, procedure, and other practices within the Division of Police.  

The Monitoring Team has many roles – including arbiter, advisor, and facilitator.

A second role is that of technical advisor. The Cleveland Police Monitoring Team's goal is for the Division of Police to benefit from the decades of law enforcement, monitoring, and organizational change experience of the Team's members. As the Division crafts new policies or revamps particular practices, the Monitoring Team will, wherever possible, provide information about best practices, discuss what has worked and not worked well in other cities to address similar issues, and make expectations clear from the beginning. The Team's goal is for efficient and effective progress – with the ultimate goals never a surprise.

Another role of the Monitoring Team is that of facilitator. The Consent Decree involves a host of interrelated reforms. To ensure that all stakeholders, from within the Division and across the Cleveland community, are heard and can participate in the Consent Decree process, the Monitoring Team works with the City, Division, Department of Justice, and Court to provide a framework and process for implementing the Decree. Likewise, the Monitoring Team will organize and lead meetings, summits, discussions, and educational forums throughout Cleveland aimed toward involving the Cleveland community in all aspects of the reform process.

The Monitor and Monitoring Team are not a substitute for the Chief of Police, Director of Public Safety, Mayor, or City Council. At the same time, the Monitoring Team is not an arm of the Department of Justice. Instead, we serve as truly independent monitors and an agent of the federal court overseeing the Consent Decree.

Although the Monitor cannot take specific actions on particular incidents, the goal of the Consent Decree is to make overall, systemic changes to the Division that both lead to and reflect a new, shared vision of policing in Cleveland.

Likewise, the Team does not have the authority, jurisdiction, or ability to take specific actions on particular cases or incidents. The Team cannot bring criminal charges against either citizens or police officers.  It is not a substitute for local prosecutors. Likewise, the Team cannot intervene in employment or disciplinary issues within the Division. It is not a substitute for the formal disciplinary process and cannot override the decisions of the Division, City, or arbitrators.

However, the Team is charged with assessing whether the Division is effectively implementing the overall, systemic changes to how it functions that the Consent Decree requires. This will include changes to how the Division's internal investigations of officer behavior and performance function, including the disciplinary system.

In short, the Monitor is charged with overseeing overall, long-term reforms required by the Consent Decree so that, in the future, policing in Cleveland is effective, safe, constitutional, and consistent with the values of Cleveland's diverse communities.

The Cleveland Police Monitoring Team is a diverse and seasoned team of former and current law enforcement professionals, social scientists, lawyers, organizational change experts, psychologists, and data and technology experts.

Monitoring Team

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Matthew Barge

Mr. Barge is Co-Executive Director of the Police Assessment Resource Center (PARC). He has directed numerous monitoring efforts and independent assessments of law enforcement organizations nationwide. He is lead law enforcement practices expert to a retired federal magistrate judge overseeing a settlement between the City of Chicago and ACLU that addresses search and seizure and bias-free policing issues. Mr. Barge has served as Deputy Director to the monitor of a Department of Justice consent decree in Seattle addressing use of force and discriminatory policing issues, overseeing the day-to-day operations of the court-appointed monitoring team. He has conducted other monitoring and oversight work on behalf of other police departments, civilian oversight organizations, city governments, and community groups, including those in Mesa, Arizona; Los Angeles and Pasadena, California; Denver, Colorado; New Orleans, Louisiana; Farmington, New Mexico; Walkill, New York; Portland, Oregon; and others.

Mr. Barge was a co-author of Bureau of Justice Assistance-sponsored national guidelines for monitor and police oversight professionals, leading a group of peer experts and police monitors. He likewise was a lead author of national standards for internal affairs investigations. Mr. Barge frequently lectures at universities, law schools, and before police professional organizations on accountability and Fourth Amendment issues. A lawyer, he has been a litigator specializing in complex litigation at the law firms of Skadden, Arps and Quinn Emanuel in New York City.


Commissioner Charles H. Ramsey (ret.)
Principal Deputy Monitor

Commissioner Ramsey served as the head of the Philadelphia Police Department until January 2016. He was the Chief of the Metropolitan Police Department in Washington, D.C. from 1998 to 2006. Previously, he was a Deputy Superintendent at the Chicago Police Department, where he was instrumental in implementing the Chicago Alternative Policing Strategy (“CAPS”), which has been widely cited as a model of community policing. In January 2015, President Obama named Commissioner Ramsey as the co-chair of the President’s Task Force on 21st Century Policing. He also serves on the U.S. Homeland Security Advisory Council, which advises the Department of Homeland Security. Commissioner Ramsey holds a Master’s degree in criminal justice from Lewis University in Illinois.

Chief Hassan Aden (ret.)
Deputy Monitor

Chief Aden is the former Chief of Police of the Greenville Police Department in Greenville, North Carolina. Until late 2015, he was the Director of the Research and Programs Directorate of the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP), where he directly oversaw the day-to-day management of operational programs and research projects aimed at advancing professional police services. He worked for 26 years at the Alexandria Police Department in Alexandria, Virginia, rising to the rank of Deputy Chief there. Chief Aden is a former commissioner of the governing board of CALEA and has served as a Senior Executive Fellow at the Police Foundation. He currently serves on the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine's Committee on Law and Justice, working with the world’s top criminologists, economists, and other on law and justice issues.  Among other academic credentials, he holds a Masters of Public Administration from American University in Washington, DC. 

Chief Timothy Longo (ret.)
Director of Implementation

Chief Longo served as the Chief of the Charlottesville, Virginia Police Department until April 2016. He has previously served as a part of the team monitoring implementation of the federal consent decree addressing the Cincinnati Police Department. Chief Longo earned a J.D. at the University of Baltimore Law School while working full-time as a Sergeant, Lieutenant, and Chief Commander with the Baltimore Police Department, where he served for 19 years. By the time he left the department in 2000, he had risen to its second-highest rank and served as Major/Commanding Officer for Baltimore's Southeastern District, its most racially and ethnically diverse precinct. An expert on use of force policy and training, internal investigations, and bias-free policing issues, Chief Longo has written a manual on Fourth Amendment search and seizure law for police officers and frequently serves as an instructor at universities, law schools, and training academies.

Christine Cole
Director of Outcome Measures

Ms. Cole is the Vice President & Executive Director of the Crime and Justice Institute (CJI), a nonpartisan criminal justice policy analysis organization. She was previously the Executive Director of the Harvard Kennedy School of Government's Program in Criminal Justice Policy and Management, where she led high-profile assessments of the LAPD's progress under its federal consent decree and lessons learned in the law enforcement response to the Boston Marathon bombing. She has worked in multiple law enforcement agencies – as Director of Business & Technology for the Springfield, Massachusetts Police Department and Chief of Staff in the Executive Office of Public Policy for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Ms. Cole began her career as a Victim Witness Advocate in Middlesex District Attorney's Office in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

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Charles R. See
Director of Community Engagement

Mr. See has more than 48 years of experience in Cleveland building community partnerships and bringing together diverse groups with divergent social, political, and cultural views. As the Executive Director of the Community Re-Entry Program at Lutheran Metropolitan Ministry, Mr. See manages the implementation of 16 programs designed to assist formerly incarcerated individuals and at-risk youth. He has testified before the U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee on inner-city crime, served as a member of the Ohio Governor's Select Committee on prisons, been a member of the Ohio State Sentencing Commission, served as chairperson of the Ohio State NAACP Prison Committee, and been a member of several other task forces and policy councils.

Dr. Modupe Akinola

Dr. Akinola is an Assistant Professor at the Columbia Business School in New York. She is an expert in organizational behavior, management, social psychology, and social science research methods. Her academic research has focused on the features of organizations and workplace environments that influence performance, including the effects of stress on police officer decision-making. Before her academic career, Dr. Akinola advised large professional organizations on organizational change and management at Bain & Company and Merrill Lynch. At Bain, she led the firm's diversity recruiting and professional development initiatives. She has conducted organizational training and coaching for HSBC, the Bridgespan Group, the Executive Leadership Council, Harvard's Divinity School, KIPP Schools, and CoreNet Global.

Chief Joseph Brann (ret.)

Chief Brann's nearly 46-year career in law enforcement has made him an expert in effective and accountable community-based policing.  President Bill Clinton selected Chief Brann to establish the Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) Office of the U.S. Department of Justice, which is responsible for advancing community policing nationally. He has monitored several agencies complying with federal and state consent decrees – as a Special Master for the federal consent decree in Cincinnati, as the California Attorney General's monitor of the Riverside Police Department's reform efforts, and as a monitor of the Los Angeles County Sheriff's jail system. Chief Brann began his law enforcement career in 1969 with the Santa Ana, California Police Department. He was named Chief of Police in Hayward, California in 1989.

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Brian Center

Brian Center is Senior Consultant for the Police Assessment Resource Center. Mr. Center was a department director in the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department, the fourth-largest law enforcement agency in the U.S., and served as a senior law enforcement expert for the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors. He was centrally involved in the development and implementation of a comprehensive, community-based anti-gang strategy in partnership with the Los Angeles Police Department in South Los Angeles. He has also served as an executive director of a community-organizing-based, anti-gang non-profit with a mission of building relationships between law enforcement and community members in high-crime neighborhoods. A lawyer, Mr. Center regularly is engaged to serve as a mediator for purposes of dispute resolution and has served as Judge Pro Tem for the Los Angeles Country Superior Court.

Dr. Randolph Dupont

Dr. Dupont is a national expert in law enforcement response to individuals experiencing mental health, substance abuse, and other behavioral crises. Dr. Dupont partnered with the Memphis Police Department as a training instructor and consultant to its Crisis Intervention Team (CIT), which has been featured as a best practice model by the Department of Justice, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and Amnesty International. His work there, often referred to as the "Memphis Model," has become the leading framework for police-community partnerships in the area of crisis intervention. Dr. Dupont received his Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology from the University of Texas at Austin.

Maggie Goodrich

Ms. Goodrich is the Chief Information Officer of the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD). She was responsible for the development and implementation of all LAPD risk management systems, including the officer early intervention system, mandated by the federal consent decree between the city of Los Angeles and the United States. Prior to joining the LAPD, Ms. Goodrich served as Policy Director for Homeland Security and Public Safety for Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa in Los Angeles. A lawyer, she has practiced litigation and white collar criminal defense at Howrey LLP. Prior to entering law, Ms. Goodrich served as an Information Technology Project Manager in software development and e-commerce.


Ayesha Hardaway

Ayesha Hardaway is a Visiting Assistant Professor of Law at Case Western Reserve University School of Law in Cleveland. A Cleveland native, Professor Hardaway teaches in the Health Law and Civil Litigation clinics in the Milton A. Kramer Law Clinic, where she and her students represent clients in a number of disability, employment, and other cases. Prior to joining the Case Western law faculty, Professor Hardaway practiced at the firm of Tucker Ellis LLP in Cleveland. She also has prior experience as an Assistant Prosecuting Attorney for Cuyahoga County, where she handled a variety of criminal matters, including juvenile delinquencies and general felonies. Professor Hardaway is an active member of the Cleveland Metropolitan Bar Association, and sits on the Board of Directors and Executive Committee of the Cleveland Rape Crisis Center.


Richard Rosenthal

Until September 2016, Richard Rosenthal was the Chief Civilian Director of the Independent Investigations Office of British Columbia – an office that he was hired to establish in January 2012.  He previously served as the Independent Monitor (OIM) for the City and County of Denver, Colorado and as the Director of the Independent Police Review Division (IPR) in Portland, Oregon. Mr. Rosenthal began his legal career as a Deputy District Attorney in the Los Angeles County District Attorney's Office, where he was credited with uncovering, pursuing, and initiating reform of the LAPD in the wake of the "Rampart Scandal." Mr. Rosenthal has published and spoken extensively on police monitoring and civilian oversight.

Victor Ruiz

Mr. Ruiz is the Executive Director of Esperanza in Cleveland, where he has overseen substantial growth and partnerships across the Cleveland community to spearhead major community initiatives. Mr. Ruiz has built a career in public service in Cleveland, serving as Assistant Vice President of Advisory Services and, before that, Manager of Advisory Services for Cleveland Scholarship Programs, Inc. He is a Vice-Chair of the Cuyahoga Community College Board of Trustees, President of the Board of Directors of the Hispanic Alliance, and a member of the Hispanic Roundtable. Mr. Ruiz was a member of the selection panel for the Community Police Commission, which the Cleveland Consent Decree established.

Captain Scott Sargent (ret.)

Captain Scott Sargent is a 35 year law enforcement veteran.  For seven years – during the LAPD Federal Consent Decree implementation period – Captain Sargent was the Commanding Officer of LAPD’s Use of Force Review Division and facilitated many changes in the LAPD’s Use of Force policies and review procedures resulting in substantial decree compliance. During that time, he oversaw the formal review and adjudication of approximately 13,000 Uses of Force, including several hundred Officer Involved Shootings. Previously, Captain Sargent was assigned to the LAPD Consent Decree Bureau as an assistant to the Commanding Officer, Officer in Charge in the Risk Management Division, and an Internal Affairs Investigator. He previously served with the Rialto CA Police Department, the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department, and the Hallandale Beach FL Police Department. Captain Sargent has a Master’s Degree in Organizational Management, a Law Degree from Southwestern University, and is an active attorney.

Dr. Ellen Scrivner

Dr. Scrivner has led a distinguished, 30-year career advancing accountable, effective, and community-focused policing. Currently an Executive Fellow at the Police Foundation, Dr. Scrivner was appointed by President Obama in 2009 to serve as the Deputy Director of the National Institute of Justice (NIJ). Previously, Dr. Scrivner worked as the Deputy Superintendent for Administration at the Chicago Police Department, where she managed a $1.2B budget for the second-largest police department in the United States. There, she chaired a city-wide task force on responding to the needs of the mentally disabled. She has also served as the Deputy Director of the Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) Office of the Department of Justice, where she created a nationwide network of Regional Community Policing Institutes. Dr. Scrivner began her career as a police psychologist for two major police departments in Fairfax County, Virginia and Prince Georges County, Maryland. She remains a licensed psychologist who is Board-certified in Police and Public Safety Psychology.

Sean Smoot

Mr. Smoot serves as Director and Chief Counsel for the Police Benevolent & Protective Association of Illinois (“PB&PA”) and the Police Benevolent Labor Committee (PBLC). In those capacities, he is responsible for administering the provision of legal services for over 7,500 of the police union’s members. Mr. Smoot was a member of President Obama’s Task Force on 21st Century Policing and currently serves as the elected Treasurer of the National Association of Police Organizations (NAPO), a national law enforcement group representing over 250,000 police officers. He is a Member of the Executive Session on Policing and Public Safety at the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. A military veteran, Mr. Smoot has been a featured speaker at the National Academy of Arbitrators and several Continuing Legal Education programs regarding the rights of military employees.

Timothy Tramble

Mr. Tramble has been the Executive Director of Burten, Bell, Carr Development, Inc. (BBC) since 2000. BBC is a non-profit neighborhood development organization that serves Cleveland’s Central and Kinsman neighborhood (Ward 5) with the mission of empowering citizens and revitalizing blighted and underserved communities. In that capacity, he has overseen and directed all the organization’s programs and projects – including the largest single-family housing development in Cleveland since the 1940s, the Urban Agriculture Innovation Zone, and the MC2 Food Access Initiative, which has received national praise. Previously, Mr. Tramble was a Deputy Project Director for the City of Cleveland, which included strategic planning, outreach coordination, and the management of programs within the Department of Health.


NYU School of Law Policing Project

The mission of the Policing Project at NYU School of Law is to strengthen policing through democratic governance. It works to advance mechanisms for the public to have direct input on the specific rules that govern policing through processes that incorporate community participation and debate. The Project is writing model rules and policies for policing, developing mechanisms to involve the public in formulating policing policies at all levels of government, and helping to develop sound metrics of policing success using cost-benefit analysis.  It is currently engaged in projects with the Camden (New Jersey) County Police Department and Tampa (Florida) Police Department, among others.

In Cleveland, the Monitoring Team has engaged the Project to consult with and assist the Monitoring Team in designing and implementing mechanisms for the Cleveland community to engage substantively in the Consent Decree reform process.  Primary staff of the Project engaged in consulting work with the Cleveland Police Monitoring Team include:

Barry Friedman (Director, NYU School of Law Policing Project)

Barry Friedman is the director of the Policing Project. As the Jacob D. Fuchsberg Professor of Law at NYU School of Law, he is one of the country’s leading authorities on constitutional law, criminal procedure, and the federal courts. Friedman serves as the reporter for the American Law Institute’s Principles of the Law, Police Investigations. For 30 years, he has taught, written about, and litigated issues of constitutional law and criminal procedure, and he has published numerous articles in those fields.  He is the author of the critically acclaimed The Will of the People: How Public Opinion Has Influenced the Supreme Court and Shaped the Meaning of the Constitution (2009), and is completing a book on policing and the Constitution.  Professor Friedman is a graduate of the University of Chicago and Georgetown University Law Center. He clerked for Judge Phyllis A. Kravitch of the US Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit.

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Maria Ponomarenko (Deputy Director, NYU School of Law Policing Project)

Maria Ponomarenko is the Deputy Director of the NYU School of Law Policing Project and a Furman Fellow at NYU Law, where she also teaches a course in Democratic Policing. Ponomarenko graduated summa cum laude from NYU Law. After graduation, she clerked for Judge Richard A. Posner of the 7th Circuit Court of Appeals. Ponomarenko holds a BA in history and economics and an MA in the social sciences from the University of Chicago, and a PhD in history from Stanford University. Her dissertation focused on the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s relationship with state and local police. Ms. Ponomarenko writes in the areas of constitutional law and criminal procedure; she is currently working on an article on police accountability in local communities.


Brian Chen (Consultant, NYU School of Law Policing Project)

Brian J. Chen is a Senior Program Manager at NYU School of Law's Policing Project. Chen previously worked at the Mayor’s Office in New Orleans, where he managed citywide strategies to promote public safety and economic opportunity. Before that, he was a Litigation Associate at the law firm Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson LLP, where he monitored a U.S. police department under a federal consent decree. Chen earned a B.A. with distinction from the University of Michigan and a J.D. from NYU School of Law.

University of Toronto Munk School of Global Affairs

Todd Foglesong (Professor of Global Practice, Munk School of Global Affairs)

Todd Foglesong is assisting the Monitoring Team in structuring required interviews of arrested subjects about their police experiences.  Professor Foglesong teaches courses on the governance of criminal justice and the response to crime and violence in global context. He is currently developing a peer-based system of support for government officials that seek to solve persistent problems in criminal justice.  Between 2007 and 2014, Professor Foglesong was a senior research fellow and adjunct lecturer in Public Policy at Harvard Kennedy School.  Between 2000 and 2005, he worked at the Vera Institute of Justice, creating a center for the reform of criminal justice in Moscow and founding Risk Monitor, a non-governmental research center in Sofia, Bulgaria that supports better public policies on organized crime and institutional corruption.  He has taught political science at the Universities of Kansas and Utah.