The Cleveland Police Monitoring Team is charged with overseeing implementation of the Consent Decree and helping the Court and City of Cleveland gauge whether the Decree's requirements are taking hold in practice – in the real world and across Cleveland's communities.


The Cleveland Police Monitoring Team oversees, on behalf of Judge Solomon Oliver, Jr., the day-to-day efforts of the City and Cleveland Division of Police (the "Division" or "CPD") toward complying with the reforms required by the Consent Decree.

The Monitor and his Team play many different roles. One role is that of arbiter. The Consent Decree indicates that the Monitor "will assess and report whether the requirements of this Agreement have been implemented, and whether this implementation is resulting in constitutional and effective policing, professional treatment of individuals, and increased community trust of CDP."  (¶ 350). This means that the Monitor reviews, provides feedback on, and ultimately recommends approval or disapproval to the Court of changes in policy, training, procedure, and other practices within the Division of Police.  

The Monitoring Team has many roles – including arbiter, advisor, and facilitator.

A second role is that of technical advisor. The Cleveland Police Monitoring Team's goal is for the Division of Police to benefit from the decades of law enforcement, monitoring, and organizational change experience of the Team's members. As the Division crafts new policies or revamps particular practices, the Monitoring Team will, wherever possible, provide information about best practices, discuss what has worked and not worked well in other cities to address similar issues, and make expectations clear from the beginning. The Team's goal is for efficient and effective progress – with the ultimate goals never a surprise.

Another role of the Monitoring Team is that of facilitator. The Consent Decree involves a host of interrelated reforms. To ensure that all stakeholders, from within the Division and across the Cleveland community, are heard and can participate in the Consent Decree process, the Monitoring Team works with the City, Division, Department of Justice, and Court to provide a framework and process for implementing the Decree. Likewise, the Monitoring Team will organize and lead meetings, summits, discussions, and educational forums throughout Cleveland aimed toward involving the Cleveland community in all aspects of the reform process.

The Monitor and Monitoring Team are not a substitute for the Chief of Police, Director of Public Safety, Mayor, or City Council. At the same time, the Monitoring Team is not an arm of the Department of Justice. Instead, we serve as truly independent monitors and an agent of the federal court overseeing the Consent Decree.

Although the Monitor cannot take specific actions on particular incidents, the goal of the Consent Decree is to make overall, systemic changes to the Division that both lead to and reflect a new, shared vision of policing in Cleveland.

Likewise, the Team does not have the authority, jurisdiction, or ability to take specific actions on particular cases or incidents. The Team cannot bring criminal charges against either citizens or police officers.  It is not a substitute for local prosecutors. Likewise, the Team cannot intervene in employment or disciplinary issues within the Division. It is not a substitute for the formal disciplinary process and cannot override the decisions of the Division, City, or arbitrators.

However, the Team is charged with assessing whether the Division is effectively implementing the overall, systemic changes to how it functions that the Consent Decree requires. This will include changes to how the Division's internal investigations of officer behavior and performance function, including the disciplinary system.

In short, the Monitor is charged with overseeing overall, long-term reforms required by the Consent Decree so that, in the future, policing in Cleveland is effective, safe, constitutional, and consistent with the values of Cleveland's diverse communities.

The Cleveland Police Monitoring Team is a diverse and seasoned team of former and current law enforcement professionals, social scientists, lawyers, organizational change experts, psychologists, and data and technology experts.

Monitoring Team

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Hassan Aden

Hassan Aden is the former Chief of Police of the Greenville Police Department in Greenville, North Carolina. Until late 2015, he was the Director of the Research and Programs Directorate of the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP), where he directly oversaw the day-to-day management of operational programs and research projects aimed at advancing professional police services.

Mr. Aden worked for 26 years at the Alexandria Police Department in Alexandria, Virginia, rising to the rank of Deputy Chief there. He is a former commissioner of the governing board of CALEA and has served as a Senior Executive Fellow at the Police Foundation. He currently serves on the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine's Committee on Law and Justice, working with the world’s top criminologists, economists, and other on law and justice issues.  Among other academic credentials, Mr. Aden holds a Masters of Public Administration from American University in Washington, DC. 


Ayesha Hardaway
Deputy Monitor

Ayesha Hardaway is a Visiting Assistant Professor of Law at Case Western Reserve University School of Law in Cleveland. A Cleveland native, Professor Hardaway teaches in the Health Law and Civil Litigation clinics in the Milton A. Kramer Law Clinic, where she and her students represent clients in a number of disability, employment, and other cases. Prior to joining the Case Western law faculty, Professor Hardaway practiced at the firm of Tucker Ellis LLP in Cleveland. She also has prior experience as an Assistant Prosecuting Attorney for Cuyahoga County, where she handled a variety of criminal matters, including juvenile delinquencies and general felonies. Professor Hardaway is an active member of the Cleveland Metropolitan Bar Association, and sits on the Board of Directors and Executive Committee of the Cleveland Rape Crisis Center.

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Brian Maxey
Deputy Monitor

Brian G. Maxey is a career law enforcement executive and attorney. He served as the Chief Operating Officer of the Seattle Police Department, focusing the department on exceeding the requirements of the federal consent decree with the Department of Justice and driving best business practices. Previously, Mr. Maxey served as Senior Police Counsel, managing the legal affairs of the department with an emphasis on compliance with the consent decree. He also served as a Supervising Assistant City Attorney at the Seattle City Attorney's Office, as Assistant Corporation Counsel in the Special Federal Litigation Unit of the New York City Law Department, and as Assistant Attorney General in the Criminal Justice Division of the Washington State Attorney General's Office. Mr. Maxey has also worked for the Vera Institute of Justice and the Fund for Modern Courts in NEw York City. He holds a J.D. from Fordham University, an M.P.A. in Policy from New York University, and a B.A. from Occidental College, and has completed the Senior Management Institute for Police.


Christine Cole
Director of Outcome Measures

Ms. Cole is the Vice President & Executive Director of the Crime and Justice Institute (CJI), a nonpartisan criminal justice policy analysis organization. She was previously the Executive Director of the Harvard Kennedy School of Government's Program in Criminal Justice Policy and Management, where she led high-profile assessments of the LAPD's progress under its federal consent decree and lessons learned in the law enforcement response to the Boston Marathon bombing. She has worked in multiple law enforcement agencies – as Director of Business & Technology for the Springfield, Massachusetts Police Department and Chief of Staff in the Executive Office of Public Policy for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Ms. Cole began her career as a Victim Witness Advocate in Middlesex District Attorney's Office in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

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Charles R. See
Director of Community Engagement

Mr. See has more than 50 years of experience in Cleveland building community partnerships and bringing together diverse groups with divergent social, political, and cultural views. As the Executive Director of the Community Re-Entry Program at Lutheran Metropolitan Ministry, Mr. See managed the implementation of 16 programs designed to assist formerly incarcerated individuals and at-risk youth. He has testified before the U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee on inner-city crime, served as a member of the Ohio Governor's Select Committee on prisons, been a member of the Ohio State Sentencing Commission, served as chairperson of the Ohio State NAACP Prison Committee, and been a member of several other task forces and policy councils.


Dr. Modupe Akinola

Dr. Akinola is an Assistant Professor at the Columbia Business School in New York. She is an expert in organizational behavior, management, social psychology, and social science research methods. Her academic research has focused on the features of organizations and workplace environments that influence performance, including the effects of stress on police officer decision-making. Before her academic career, Dr. Akinola advised large professional organizations on organizational change and management at Bain & Company and Merrill Lynch. At Bain, she led the firm's diversity recruiting and professional development initiatives. She has conducted organizational training and coaching for HSBC, the Bridgespan Group, the Executive Leadership Council, Harvard's Divinity School, KIPP Schools, and CoreNet Global.

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Matthew Barge

Mr. Barge has directed numerous monitoring efforts and independent assessments of law enforcement organizations nationwide. The former Monitor of the Cleveland Consent Decree, he also serves as a subject matter expert on the team overseeing the federal consent decree in Baltimore. He previously served as Deputy Director to the Monitoring of a similar decree in Seattle. Mr. Barge is lead law enforcement practices expert to a retired federal magistrate judge overseeing a settlement between the City of Chicago and ACLU that addresses search and seizure and bias-free policing issues. He has conducted other assessment and oversight work on behalf of other police departments, civilian oversight organizations, city governments, and community groups, including those in Mesa, Arizona; Los Angeles and Pasadena, California; Denver, Colorado; New Orleans, Louisiana; Farmington, New Mexico; Walkill, New York; Portland, Oregon; and others. Mr. Barge was a co-author of Bureau of Justice Assistance-sponsored national guidelines for monitor and police oversight professionals, leading a group of peer experts and police monitors. He likewise was a lead author of national standards for internal affairs investigations. A lawyer, his previous experience is as a litigator specializing in complex litigation at the law firms of Skadden, Arps and Quinn Emanuel in New York City.


Chief Joseph Brann (ret.)

Chief Brann's nearly 46-year career in law enforcement has made him an expert in effective and accountable community-based policing.  President Bill Clinton selected Chief Brann to establish the Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) Office of the U.S. Department of Justice, which is responsible for advancing community policing nationally. He has monitored several agencies complying with federal and state consent decrees – as a Special Master for the federal consent decree in Cincinnati, as the California Attorney General's monitor of the Riverside Police Department's reform efforts, and as a monitor of the Los Angeles County Sheriff's jail system. Chief Brann began his law enforcement career in 1969 with the Santa Ana, California Police Department. He was named Chief of Police in Hayward, California in 1989.

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Brian Center

Brian Center is Senior Consultant for the Police Assessment Resource Center. Mr. Center was a department director in the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department, the fourth-largest law enforcement agency in the U.S., and served as a senior law enforcement expert for the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors. He was centrally involved in the development and implementation of a comprehensive, community-based anti-gang strategy in partnership with the Los Angeles Police Department in South Los Angeles. He has also served as an executive director of a community-organizing-based, anti-gang non-profit with a mission of building relationships between law enforcement and community members in high-crime neighborhoods. A lawyer, Mr. Center regularly is engaged to serve as a mediator for purposes of dispute resolution and has served as Judge Pro Tem for the Los Angeles Country Superior Court.


Dr. Randolph Dupont

Dr. Dupont is a national expert in law enforcement response to individuals experiencing mental health, substance abuse, and other behavioral crises. Dr. Dupont partnered with the Memphis Police Department as a training instructor and consultant to its Crisis Intervention Team (CIT), which has been featured as a best practice model by the Department of Justice, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and Amnesty International. His work there, often referred to as the "Memphis Model," has become the leading framework for police-community partnerships in the area of crisis intervention. Dr. Dupont received his Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology from the University of Texas at Austin.


Maggie Goodrich

Ms. Goodrich is the Chief Information Officer of the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD). She was responsible for the development and implementation of all LAPD risk management systems, including the officer early intervention system, mandated by the federal consent decree between the city of Los Angeles and the United States. Prior to joining the LAPD, Ms. Goodrich served as Policy Director for Homeland Security and Public Safety for Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa in Los Angeles. A lawyer, she has practiced litigation and white collar criminal defense at Howrey LLP. Prior to entering law, Ms. Goodrich served as an Information Technology Project Manager in software development and e-commerce.


Chief Timothy Longo (ret.)

Chief Longo served as the Chief of the Charlottesville, Virginia Police Department until April 2016. He has previously served as a part of the team monitoring implementation of the federal consent decree addressing the Cincinnati Police Department. Chief Longo earned a J.D. at the University of Baltimore Law School while working full-time as a Sergeant, Lieutenant, and Chief Commander with the Baltimore Police Department, where he served for 19 years. By the time he left the department in 2000, he had risen to its second-highest rank and served as Major/Commanding Officer for Baltimore's Southeastern District, its most racially and ethnically diverse precinct. An expert on use of force policy and training, internal investigations, and bias-free policing issues, Chief Longo has written a manual on Fourth Amendment search and seizure law for police officers and frequently serves as an instructor at universities, law schools, and training academies.


Commissioner Charles H. Ramsey (ret.)

Commissioner Ramsey served as the head of the Philadelphia Police Department until January 2016. He was the Chief of the Metropolitan Police Department in Washington, D.C. from 1998 to 2006. Previously, he was a Deputy Superintendent at the Chicago Police Department, where he was instrumental in implementing the Chicago Alternative Policing Strategy (“CAPS”), which has been widely cited as a model of community policing. In January 2015, President Obama named Commissioner Ramsey as the co-chair of the President’s Task Force on 21st Century Policing. He also serves on the U.S. Homeland Security Advisory Council, which advises the Department of Homeland Security. Commissioner Ramsey holds a Master’s degree in criminal justice from Lewis University in Illinois.


Richard Rosenthal

Until September 2016, Richard Rosenthal was the Chief Civilian Director of the Independent Investigations Office of British Columbia – an office that he was hired to establish in January 2012.  He previously served as the Independent Monitor (OIM) for the City and County of Denver, Colorado and as the Director of the Independent Police Review Division (IPR) in Portland, Oregon. Mr. Rosenthal began his legal career as a Deputy District Attorney in the Los Angeles County District Attorney's Office, where he was credited with uncovering, pursuing, and initiating reform of the LAPD in the wake of the "Rampart Scandal." Mr. Rosenthal has published and spoken extensively on police monitoring and civilian oversight.


Victor Ruiz

Mr. Ruiz is the Executive Director of Esperanza in Cleveland, where he has overseen substantial growth and partnerships across the Cleveland community to spearhead major community initiatives. Mr. Ruiz has built a career in public service in Cleveland, serving as Assistant Vice President of Advisory Services and, before that, Manager of Advisory Services for Cleveland Scholarship Programs, Inc. He is a Vice-Chair of the Cuyahoga Community College Board of Trustees, President of the Board of Directors of the Hispanic Alliance, and a member of the Hispanic Roundtable. Mr. Ruiz was a member of the selection panel for the Community Police Commission, which the Cleveland Consent Decree established.


Captain Scott Sargent (ret.)

Captain Scott Sargent is a 35 year law enforcement veteran.  For seven years – during the LAPD Federal Consent Decree implementation period – Captain Sargent was the Commanding Officer of LAPD’s Use of Force Review Division and facilitated many changes in the LAPD’s Use of Force policies and review procedures resulting in substantial decree compliance. During that time, he oversaw the formal review and adjudication of approximately 13,000 Uses of Force, including several hundred Officer Involved Shootings. Previously, Captain Sargent was assigned to the LAPD Consent Decree Bureau as an assistant to the Commanding Officer, Officer in Charge in the Risk Management Division, and an Internal Affairs Investigator. He previously served with the Rialto CA Police Department, the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department, and the Hallandale Beach FL Police Department. Captain Sargent has a Master’s Degree in Organizational Management, a Law Degree from Southwestern University, and is an active attorney.


Dr. Ellen Scrivner

Dr. Scrivner has led a distinguished, 30-year career advancing accountable, effective, and community-focused policing. Currently an Executive Fellow at the Police Foundation, Dr. Scrivner was appointed by President Obama in 2009 to serve as the Deputy Director of the National Institute of Justice (NIJ). Previously, Dr. Scrivner worked as the Deputy Superintendent for Administration at the Chicago Police Department, where she managed a $1.2B budget for the second-largest police department in the United States. There, she chaired a city-wide task force on responding to the needs of the mentally disabled. She has also served as the Deputy Director of the Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) Office of the Department of Justice, where she created a nationwide network of Regional Community Policing Institutes. Dr. Scrivner began her career as a police psychologist for two major police departments in Fairfax County, Virginia and Prince Georges County, Maryland. She remains a licensed psychologist who is Board-certified in Police and Public Safety Psychology.


Sean Smoot

Mr. Smoot serves as Director and Chief Counsel for the Police Benevolent & Protective Association of Illinois (“PB&PA”) and the Police Benevolent Labor Committee (PBLC). In those capacities, he is responsible for administering the provision of legal services for over 7,500 of the police union’s members. Mr. Smoot was a member of President Obama’s Task Force on 21st Century Policing and currently serves as the elected Treasurer of the National Association of Police Organizations (NAPO), a national law enforcement group representing over 250,000 police officers. He is a Member of the Executive Session on Policing and Public Safety at the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. A military veteran, Mr. Smoot has been a featured speaker at the National Academy of Arbitrators and several Continuing Legal Education programs regarding the rights of military employees.


Timothy Tramble

Mr. Tramble has been the Executive Director of Burten, Bell, Carr Development, Inc. (BBC) since 2000. BBC is a non-profit neighborhood development organization that serves Cleveland’s Central and Kinsman neighborhood (Ward 5) with the mission of empowering citizens and revitalizing blighted and underserved communities. In that capacity, he has overseen and directed all the organization’s programs and projects – including the largest single-family housing development in Cleveland since the 1940s, the Urban Agriculture Innovation Zone, and the MC2 Food Access Initiative, which has received national praise. Previously, Mr. Tramble was a Deputy Project Director for the City of Cleveland, which included strategic planning, outreach coordination, and the management of programs within the Department of Health.


University of Toronto Munk School of Global Affairs

Todd Foglesong (Professor of Global Practice, Munk School of Global Affairs)

Todd Foglesong is assisting the Monitoring Team in structuring required interviews of arrested subjects about their police experiences.  Professor Foglesong teaches courses on the governance of criminal justice and the response to crime and violence in global context. He is currently developing a peer-based system of support for government officials that seek to solve persistent problems in criminal justice.  Between 2007 and 2014, Professor Foglesong was a senior research fellow and adjunct lecturer in Public Policy at Harvard Kennedy School.  Between 2000 and 2005, he worked at the Vera Institute of Justice, creating a center for the reform of criminal justice in Moscow and founding Risk Monitor, a non-governmental research center in Sofia, Bulgaria that supports better public policies on organized crime and institutional corruption.  He has taught political science at the Universities of Kansas and Utah.